What is EULEX?
EULEX Kosovo assist Kosovo, judicial authorities and law enforcement agencies in their progress towards sustainability and accountability and in further developing and strengthening an independent multi-ethnic justice system and multi-ethnic police and custom service, ensuring that these institutions are free from political interference and adhering to internationally recognised standards and European best practices.
The Mission in full co-operation with the European Commission Assistance Programmes implements its mandate through monitoring, mentoring and advising, while retaining certain executive responsibilities. In order to facilitate continued and sustainable progress by the local authorities, including judicial authorities and police services, the Mission provides monitoring, mentoring and advice at headquarters and senior management level of relevant Rule of Law institutions to strengthen the chain of criminal justice, with the emphasis on fighting political interference and monitoring of sensitive cases.
Through its executive function the Mission supports the adjudication of constitutional and civil justice, as well as prosecution and adjudication of selected criminal cases. At the same time, EULEX cases will be continually assessed with a view of requalifying these cases as joint cases, engaging further Kosovo judicial, prosecutorial and investigating authorities in order to further build Kosovo capacities in these areas.
As a matter of principle, all criminal investigations and new criminal trials will be conducted by Kosovo authorities, with judicial panels composed of Kosovo judges. Only in extraordinary circumstances a case can be assigned to a EULEX Prosecutor or a panel be composed of a majority of EULEX judges.
EULEX judges and prosecutors will continue to be embedded in Kosovo Institutions and serve in accordance to Kosovo Law.
The Mission will also, in close cooperation with the EUSR in Kosovo, provide support to the Belgrade-Pristina Dialogue to assist in the implementation of remaining dialogue agreements in the sphere of rule of law.
Mandate: until 14 June 2018
Head of EULEX Kosovo: Alexandra Papadopoulou
Authorised strength: 800 staff
Headquarters: Prishtinë/Priština, Kosovo
In April 2009, EULEX became fully operational. The EU Joint Action of February 2008 and the Council Decision of June 2010 and June 2012 and June 2014 and June 2016 provide the legal basis for the Mission. EULEX works within the framework of UN Security Council Resolution 1244.
EULEX is supported by all 28 European Union Member States and five contributing States (Canada, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey and the United States).